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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Aug;94(8):2766-72. doi: 10.1210/jc.2008-2640. Epub 2009 May 26.

Cinacalcet reduces serum calcium concentrations in patients with intractable primary hyperparathyroidism.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa 2, Pisa, Italy. c.marcocci@endoc.med.unipi.it

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Patients with persistent primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) after parathyroidectomy or with contraindications to parathyroidectomy often require chronic treatment for hypercalcemia.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study was to assess the ability of the calcimimetic, cinacalcet, to reduce serum calcium in patients with intractable PHPT.

DESIGN:

This was an open-label, single-arm study comprising a titration phase of variable duration (2-16 wk) and a maintenance phase of up to 136 wk.

SETTING:

The study was conducted at 23 centers in Europe, the United States, and Canada.

PATIENTS:

The study included 17 patients with intractable PHPT and serum calcium greater than 12.5 mg/dl (3.1 mmol/liter).

INTERVENTION:

During the titration phase, cinacalcet dosages were titrated every 2 wk (30 mg twice daily to 90 mg four times daily) for 16 wk until serum calcium was 10 mg/dl or less (2.5 mmol/liter). If serum calcium increased during the maintenance phase, additional increases in the cinacalcet dose were permitted.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

The primary end point was the proportion of patients experiencing a reduction in serum calcium of 1 mg/dl or greater (0.25 mmol/liter) at the end of the titration phase.

RESULTS:

Mean +/- sd baseline serum calcium was 12.7 +/- 0.8 mg/dl (3.2 +/- 0.2 mmol/liter). At the end of titration, a 1 mg/dl or greater reduction in serum calcium was achieved in 15 patients (88%). Fifteen patients (88%) experienced treatment-related adverse events, none of which were serious. The most common adverse events were nausea, vomiting, and paresthesias.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with intractable PHPT, cinacalcet reduces serum calcium, is generally well tolerated, and has the potential to fulfill an unmet medical need.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00037518.

PMID:
19470620
PMCID:
PMC3214593
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2008-2640
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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