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Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Feb;78(2):184-90. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2009.04.008. Epub 2009 May 20.

Burnout prevention: a review of intervention programs.

Author information

1
Hannover Medical School, Institute for Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health System Research, Endowed Chair Prevention and Rehabilitation in Health System and Health Services Research, 30625 Hannover, Germany. Walter.Ulla@mh-hannover.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of intervention programs at the workplace or elsewhere aimed at preventing burnout, a leading cause of work related mental health impairment.

METHODS:

A systematic search of burnout intervention studies was conducted in the databases Medline, PsycINFO and PSYNDEX from 1995 to 2007. Data was also extracted from papers found through a hand search.

RESULTS:

A total of 25 primary intervention studies were reviewed. Seventeen (68%) were person-directed interventions, 2 (8%) were organization-directed and 6 (24%) were a combination of both interventions types. Eighty percent of all programs led to a reduction in burnout. Person-directed interventions reduced burnout in the short term (6 months or less), while a combination of both person- and organization-directed interventions had longer lasting positive effects (12 months and over). In all cases, positive intervention effects diminished in the course of time.

CONCLUSION:

Intervention programs against burnout are beneficial and can be enhanced with refresher courses. Better implemented programs including both person- and organization-directed measures should be offered and evaluated.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

A combination of both intervention types should be further investigated, optimized and practiced. Institutions should recognize the need for and make burnout intervention programs available to employees.

PMID:
19467822
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2009.04.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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