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Plant Physiol Biochem. 2009 Sep;47(9):796-806. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2009.04.005. Epub 2009 May 9.

Roles of a membrane-bound caleosin and putative peroxygenase in biotic and abiotic stress responses in Arabidopsis.

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Biotechnology Unit, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Glamorgan, Treforest, CF37 1DL, United Kingdom.


We report here the localisation and properties of a new membrane-bound isoform of caleosin and its putative role as a peroxygenase involved in oxylipin metabolism during biotic and abiotic stress responses in Arabidopsis. Caleosins are a family of lipid-associated proteins that are ubiquitous in plants and true fungi. Previous research has focused on lipid-body associated, seed-specific caleosins that have peroxygenase activity. Here, we demonstrate that a separate membrane-bound constitutively expressed caleosin isoform (Clo-3) is highly upregulated following exposure to abiotic stresses, such as salt and drought, and to biotic stress such as pathogen infection. The Clo-3 protein binds one atom of calcium per molecule, is phosphorylated in response to stress, and has a similar peroxygenase activity to the seed-specific Clo-1 isoform. Clo-3 is present in microsomal and chloroplast envelope fractions and has a type I membrane orientation with about 2 kDa of the C terminal exposed to the cytosol. Analysis of Arabidopsis ABA and related mutant lines implies that Clo-3 is involved in the generation of oxidised fatty acids in stress related signalling pathways involving both ABA and salicylic acid. We propose that Clo-3 is part of an oxylipin pathway induced by multiple stresses and may also generate fatty acid derived anti-fungal compounds for plant defence.

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