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Opt Express. 2009 May 25;17(11):9434-41.

Whispering-gallery mode micro-kylix resonators.

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  • 1Advanced Photonics & Photovoltaics, Fondazione Bruno Kessler - irst, via Sommarive 18, Povo, Trento, Italy.


Owing to their ability to confine electromagnetic energy in ultrasmall dielectric volumes, micro-disk, ring and toroid resonators hold interest for both specific applications and fundamental investigations. Generally, contributions from various loss channels within these devices lead to limited spectral windows (Q-bands) where highest mode Q-factors manifest. Here we describe a strategy for tuning Q-bands using a new class of micro-resonators, named micro-kylix resonators, in which engineered stress within an initially flat disk results in either concave or convex devices. To shift the Q-band by 60 nm towards short wavelengths in flat micro-disks a 50% diameter reduction is required, which causes severe radiative losses suppressing Q's. With a micro-kylix, we achieve similar tuning and even higher Q's by two orders of magnitude smaller diameter modification (0.4%). The phenomenon relies on geometry-induced smart interplay between modified dispersions of material absorption and radiative loss-related Q-factors. Micro-kylix devices can provide new functionalities and novel technological solutions for photonics and micro-resonator physics.

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