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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Jul;297(1):H409-16. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01332.2008. Epub 2009 May 22.

Increased myocardial NAD(P)H oxidase-derived superoxide causes the exacerbation of postinfarct heart failure in type 2 diabetes.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes adversely affects the outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction (MI), which is associated with the development of left ventricular (LV) failure. NAD(P)H oxidase-derived superoxide (O(2)(-)) production is increased in type 2 diabetes. However, its pathophysiological significance in advanced post-MI LV failure associated with type 2 diabetes remains unestablished. We thus hypothesized that an inhibitor of NAD(P)H oxidase activation, apocynin, could attenuate the exacerbated LV failure after MI in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice with type 2 diabetes. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed on either HFD or normal diet (ND) for 8 wk. At 4 wk of feeding, MI was created in mice by ligating the left coronary artery. HFD-fed MI mice were treated with either 10 mmol/l apocynin or vehicle. HFD + MI had significantly greater LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD; 5.7 +/- 0.1 vs. 5.3 +/- 0.2 mm), end-diastolic pressure (12 +/- 2 vs. 8 +/- 1 mmHg), and lung weight/tibial length (10.1 +/- 0.3 vs. 8.7 +/- 0.7 mg/mm) than ND + MI, which was accompanied by an increased interstitial fibrosis of noninfarcted LV. Treatment of HFD + MI with apocynin significantly decreased LVEDD (5.4 +/- 0.1 mm), LV end-diastolic pressure (9.7 +/- 0.8 mmHg), lung weight/tibial length (9.0 +/- 0.3 mg/mm), and concomitantly interstitial fibrosis of noninfarcted LV to the ND + MI level without affecting body weight, glucose metabolism, and infarct size. NAD(P)H oxidase activity and O(2)(-) production were increased in noninfarcted LV tissues from HFD + MI, both of which were attenuated by apocynin to the ND + MI level. Type 2 diabetes was associated with the exacerbation of LV failure after MI via increasing NAD(P)H oxidase-derived O(2)(-), which may be a novel important therapeutic target in advanced heart failure with diabetes.

PMID:
19465539
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.01332.2008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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