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J Clin Anesth. 2009 May;21(3):165-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinane.2008.06.033.

Successful and safe delivery of anesthesia and perioperative care for children with complex special health care needs.

Author information

1
Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115-5724, USA. Robert.Graham@childrens.harvard.edu

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To determine the utilization of anesthesia resources by children with complex special health care needs.

DESIGN:

Observational, inception cohort study of medical records.

SETTING:

Urban, pediatric, tertiary-care hospital.

MEASUREMENTS:

All general anesthetic cases were screened for preexisting complex special health care needs. Medical records were reviewed for demographic, clinical, and outcome data.

MAIN RESULTS:

435 children with complex special health care needs accounted for 479 delivered general anesthetic cases. This figure represented 14% of the total 3,437 cases presenting during the study period. It also represented 22% (49 of 224) of all cancellations. Down syndrome was the most identifiable developmental disorder (n = 43, 9%). Another 143 (30%) cases showed preexisting technology dependence. Scheduled surgical procedures (n = 425, 89%) comprised the majority of cases. Intraoperative and recovery room complications occurred in 6 (1%) and 133 (28%) cases, respectively. Eleven (2.3%) cases required unplanned post-anesthetic hospital ward or pediatric intensive care unit admission. Documentation of health care proxy or resuscitation status was not identified in any child under 18 years, and in only 4 of 33 children older than 18 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

Children with complex special health care needs represented one out of 7 of all pediatric general anesthetic cases at a tertiary-care, academic center.

PMID:
19464608
DOI:
10.1016/j.jclinane.2008.06.033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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