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J Neurosci Methods. 2009 Jun 15;180(2):340-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2009.03.021. Epub 2009 Mar 31.

ERP denoising in multichannel EEG data using contrasts between signal and noise subspaces.

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Department of Mathematical Information Technology, University of Jyväskylä, P.O. Box 35 (Agora), Jyväskylä FI-40014, Finland.


In this paper, a new method intended for ERP denoising in multichannel EEG data is discussed. The denoising is done by separating ERP/noise subspaces in multidimensional EEG data by a linear transformation and the following dimension reduction by ignoring noise components during inverse transformation. The separation matrix is found based on the assumption that ERP sources are deterministic for all repetitions of the same type of stimulus within the experiment, while the other noise sources do not obey the determinancy property. A detailed derivation of the technique is given together with the analysis of the results of its application to a real high-density EEG data set. The interpretation of the results and the performance of the proposed method under conditions, when the basic assumptions are violated - e.g. the problem is underdetermined - are also discussed. Moreover, we study how the factors of the number of channels and trials used by the method influence the effectiveness of ERP/noise subspaces separation. In addition, we explore also the impact of different data resampling strategies on the performance of the considered algorithm. The results can help in determining the optimal parameters of the equipment/methods used to elicit and reliably estimate ERPs.

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