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JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2009 Apr;2(4):339-46. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2008.11.013.

Integration of pre-hospital electrocardiograms and ST-elevation myocardial infarction receiving center (SRC) networks: impact on Door-to-Balloon times across 10 independent regions.

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Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, UCLA-Olive View Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Sylmar, California 91342-1495, USA.



The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of timely reperfusion for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) in regional STEMI Receiving Center (SRC) networks.


The American College of Cardiology Door-to-Balloon (D2B) Alliance target is a >75% rate of D2B <or=90 min. Independent initiatives nationwide have organized regional SRC networks that coordinate universal access to 9-1-1 with the pre-hospital electrocardiogram (PH-ECG) diagnosis of STEMI and immediate transport to a SRC (designated PPCI-capable hospital).


A pooled analysis of 10 independent, prospective, observational registries involving 72 hospitals was performed. Data were collected on all consecutive patients with a PH-ECG diagnosis of STEMI. The D2B and emergency medical services (EMS)-to-balloon (E2B) times were recorded.


Paramedics transported 2,712 patients with a PH-ECG diagnosis of STEMI directly to the nearest SRC. A PPCI was performed in 2,053 patients (76%) with an 86% rate of D2B <or=90 min (95% confidence interval: 84.4% to 87.4%). Secondary analyses of this cohort demonstrated a 50% rate of D2B <or=60 min (n = 1,031), 25% rate of D2B <or=45 min (n = 517), and an 8% rate of D2B <or=30 min (n = 155). A tertiary analysis restricted to 762 of 2,053 (37%) cases demonstrated a 68% rate of E2B <or=90 min.


Ten independent regional SRC networks demonstrated a combined 86% rate of D2B <or=90 min, and each region individually surpassed the American College of Cardiology D2B Alliance benchmark. In areas with regional SRC networks, 9-1-1 provides entire communities with timely access to quality STEMI care.

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