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Psychol Med. 2010 Jan;40(1):51-61. doi: 10.1017/S0033291709006023. Epub 2009 May 22.

The associations between socio-economic status and major depressive disorder among Blacks, Latinos, Asians and non-Hispanic Whites: findings from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Studies.

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1
School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105-6299, USA. gavina@u.washington.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study examined whether there were associations between individual measures of socio-economic status (SES) and the 12-month prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in representative samples of Blacks, Latinos, Asians and Whites in the USA.

METHOD:

The data used were from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Studies (CPES).

RESULTS:

There was an association between household income and MDD among Whites. However, the association was not statistically significant. Statistically significant associations were present between educational attainment and MDD among Whites. Among both Whites and Latinos, being out of the labor force was significantly associated with MDD. In analyses by nativity, being out of the labor force was significantly associated with MDD among US-born and foreign-born Latinos.

CONCLUSIONS:

Significant associations between various measures of SES and MDD were consistently observed among White and, in some cases, Latino populations. Future studies should continue to examine sociopsychological factors related to SES that increase the risk of MDD among people from racial-ethnic communities.

PMID:
19460189
PMCID:
PMC2788678
DOI:
10.1017/S0033291709006023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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