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DNA Cell Biol. 2009 Jul;28(7):351-8. doi: 10.1089/dna.2009.0855.

The effect of DYS-14 copy number variations on extracellular fetal DNA quantification in maternal circulation.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology and Cell Pathology, 3rd Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.


The aims of our research involved to investigate DYS-14 copy number variations in healthy males, to quantify extracellular DNA in maternal circulation in normal versus complicated pregnancies, and to study variations in the DYS-14 copy number in extracellular male fetal DNA. Fifty-five healthy males, 43 uncomplicated male singleton pregnancies (23 sampled at the 16th week and 20 sampled at the 36th week), and 15 pregnancies with placental insufficiency (PI)-related complications (mean 34.1 weeks) were analyzed using real-time PCR with DYS-14 sequence, sex determining region Y (SRY), and beta-globin (GLO) genes used as markers. Increased levels of extracellular DNA were detected in PI-related complications relative to gestational age-matched controls (SRY, p < 0.001; DYS-14, p = 0.007; GLO, p < 0.001). When the mean + 2SD (standard deviation) of controls was used as a cutoff, SRY, DYS-14, and GLO achieved 91.7%, 68.8%, and 94.4% accuracy, respectively, for differentiation between normal and complicated pregnancies. Considerable variations in the DYS-14 copy number in healthy males (mean 52.6) and extracellular DNA were found. A lower DYS-14 copy number was observed in PI-related complications (mean 83.5) compared to uncomplicated pregnancies (16th week: mean 114.2, p = 0.02; 36th week: mean 142.8, p = 0.04). The DYS-14 copy number was higher in extracellular DNA throughout gestation relative to healthy males. We concluded that, regarding interindividual copy number variations, the DYS-14 sequence is not an optimal marker for extracellular fetal DNA quantification for differentiation between normal and complicated pregnancies.

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