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Nat Rev Nephrol. 2009 Jul;5(7):375-83. doi: 10.1038/nrneph.2009.76. Epub 2009 May 19.

Emerging therapies for chronic kidney disease: what is their role?

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1
Department of Renal Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW, Australia. eswari.vilayur@bigpond.com

Abstract

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing worldwide. The best therapies currently available focus on the control of blood pressure and optimization of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade. Currently available agents are only partially effective against hard end points such as the development of end-stage renal disease and are not discussed in this Review. Many other agents have been shown to reduce proteinuria and delay progression in animal models of CKD. Some of these agents, including tranilast, sulodexide, thiazolidinediones, pentoxifylline, and inhibitors of advanced glycation end-products and protein kinase C, have been tested to a limited extent in humans. A small number of randomized controlled human trials of these agents have used surrogate markers such as proteinuria as end points rather than hard end points such as end-stage renal disease or doubling of serum creatinine level. Emerging therapies that specifically target and reverse pathological hallmarks of CKD such as inflammation, fibrosis and atrophy are needed to reduce the burden of this chronic disease and its associated morbidity. This Review examines the evidence for emerging pharmacological strategies for slowing the progression of CKD.

PMID:
19455178
DOI:
10.1038/nrneph.2009.76
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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