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Am J Gastroenterol. 2009 Aug;104(8):2028-34. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2009.202. Epub 2009 May 19.

Repeat-screening colonoscopy 5 years after normal baseline-screening colonoscopy in average-risk Chinese: a prospective study.

Author information

1
Institute of Digestive Disease, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong. dr_wkleung@alumni.cuhk.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Although colonoscopy is considered the most accurate screening tool for colorectal neoplasm, the optimal interval of repeating a screening colonoscopy, particularly in average-risk subjects after a negative colonoscopy, is poorly defined. We determine the 5-year risk of advanced neoplasia on rescreening colonoscopy in a cohort of average-risk Chinese subjects.

METHODS:

We invited a cohort of asymptomatic average-risk Chinese subjects (aged 55-75 years) who were recruited in our previous screening colonoscopy studies to undergo a repeat colonoscopy at the end of 5 years. The rates of advanced colorectal neoplasia at the end of 5 years in these subjects were determined according to their baseline colonoscopy findings.

RESULTS:

A total of 511 of the 620 eligible subjects underwent repeat-screening colonoscopy at the end of 5 years. Among them, 401 subjects had no baseline neoplasia (370 with no baseline polyps and 31 with hyperplastic polyps). In subjects with no baseline polyp, 24.6% were found to have at least one adenoma and 1.4% had advanced neoplasia on rescreening. The number needed to rescreen for one advanced neoplasia in subjects with no baseline polyp was 74 (95% confidence interval (CI), 32-168). The prevalence of advanced neoplasia at 5 years in subjects with baseline-advanced neoplasia was 20.7% (relative risk 19.6; 95% CI, 5.2-74.1; vs. subjects with no baseline polyp). The presence of baseline-advanced neoplasia (odds ratio (OR) 13.1; 95% CI, 4.1-41.7) and age in years (OR 1.11; 95% CI, 1.01-1.22) are two independent factors for development of advanced neoplasia at 5 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

The risk of advanced neoplasia is sufficiently low 5 years after a normal screening colonoscopy in Chinese subjects.

PMID:
19455125
DOI:
10.1038/ajg.2009.202
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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