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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1991 Apr;6(2):115-8.

Distribution of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans serotypes in periodontal health and disease.

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Department of Periodontology, University of Helsinki, Finland.


A total of 177 Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans isolates from 136 periodontally healthy or diseased subjects were serotyped by indirect immunofluorescence and/or immunodiffusion assays. Serotype-specific rabbit antisera against A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes a, b and c were used. All 3 serotypes were commonly found in the study subjects. Serotype b was dominant in subjects with periodontal disease and serotype c was the most common serotype in the healthy subjects. In the immunofluorescence assay, when 85 isolates were cultured anaerobically and fixed in acetone, or cultured aerobically in 10% CO2 and heat-fixed, 60 isolates revealed the same serotypes. The remaining 25 isolates reacted with 2 of the serotype-determining reagents. In the immunodiffusion assay, 22 of these 25 isolates reacted with one antiserum only. These results suggest differences in the distribution of A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes between periodontal health and disease and point to possible variation in serotype determination due to bacterial growth and preparation procedures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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