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Bioorg Med Chem. 2009 Jul 1;17(13):4595-603. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2009.04.065. Epub 2009 May 4.

Human sialidase inhibitors: design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of 4-acetamido-5-acylamido-2-fluoro benzoic acids.

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Department of Applied Bioorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences, Gifu University, Japan.


Recent advances in the sialidase biology have clarified the role of human sialidases (NEU 1 to NEU4) in the development of various disease states such as cancer, diabetes and arteriosclerosis. Isoform selective human sialidase inhibitors could be a therapeutic tool or molecular probes for the exploration of the specific functions of human sialidases. In the present study, de novo design based virtual screening was performed to find a new class of human sialidase inhibitors using the experimental crystal structure of NEU2 isoform. A few of nitro benzene and fluoro benzoic acid were identified and a series of 4-acetamido-5-acylamido-2-fluoro benzoic acids were synthesized and, the inhibitory activity of all these compounds against all human sialidase enzymes was evaluated. All these compounds were found to have a poor inhibitory activity and only NEU2 showed more sensitivity to this series of compounds as compared to other isoforms. Molecular docking was performed to gain insight regarding the binding mode of these inhibitors and thereby provided valuable information for our study on the design of selective human sialidase inhibitors further.

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