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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009 Jul 24;385(2):198-203. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.05.038. Epub 2009 May 19.

Bone morphogenetic protein-4 induced by NDRG2 expression inhibits MMP-9 activity in breast cancer cells.

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Department of Biological Science and The Research Center for Women's Diseases, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.


In the current study, we examined the function of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) expression in breast cancer cells, especially focusing on the role of bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) induced by NDRG2. NDRG2 expression in MDA-MB-231 cells inhibited the mRNA expression of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the gelatinolytic activity of MMP-9. Interestingly, a specific induction of active BMP-4 was exclusively observed in MDA-MB-231-NDRG2 cells but not in MDA-MB-231-mock cells. Neutralization of BMP-4 in MDA-MB-231-NDRG2 cells resulted in the rescue of MMP-9 mRNA expression and migration capacity. In addition, treatment with recombinant BMP-4 dramatically suppressed MMP-9 mRNA expression, gelatinolytic MMP-9 activity, migration, and invasion capacity both in MDA-MB-231 and PMA-treated MCF-7 cells. Collectively, our data show that BMP-4 induced by NDRG2 expression inhibits the metastatic potential of breast cancer cells, especially via suppression of MMP-9 activity.

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