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Health Psychol. 2009 May;28(3):338-46. doi: 10.1037/a0013785.

Relationship of early life stress and psychological functioning to blood pressure in the CARDIA study.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Western Washington University, USA.

Erratum in

  • Health Psychol. 2009 Jul;28(4):413.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Low childhood socioeconomic status (CSES) and a harsh early family environment have been linked with health disorders in adulthood. In this study, the authors present a model to help explain these links and relate the model to blood pressure change over a 10-year period in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults sample.

DESIGN:

Participants (N = 2,738) completed measures of childhood family environment, parental education, health behavior, and adult negative emotionality.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

These variables were used to predict initial systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively) and the rate of blood pressure change over 10 years.

RESULTS:

Structural equation modeling indicated that family environment was related to negative emotions, which in turn predicted baseline DBP and SBP and change in SBP. Parental education directly predicted change in SBP. Although African American participants had higher SBP and DBP and steeper increases over time, multiple group comparisons indicated that the strength of most pathways was similar across race and gender.

CONCLUSION:

Low CSES and harsh family environments help to explain variability in cardiovascular risk. Low CSES predicted increased blood pressure over time directly and also indirectly through associations with childhood family environment, negative emotionality, and health behavior.

PMID:
19450040
PMCID:
PMC2844101
DOI:
10.1037/a0013785
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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