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Aging Clin Exp Res. 2009 Apr;21(2):182-90.

Advanced glycation end products and their circulating receptors predict cardiovascular disease mortality in older community-dwelling women.

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  • 1Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 550 N. Broadway, Suite 700, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.



To characterize the relationship between advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and circulating receptors for AGEs (RAGE) with cardiovascular disease mortality.


The relationships between serum AGEs, total RAGE (sRAGE), and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE), and mortality were characterized in 559 community-dwelling women, double dagger 65 years, in Baltimore, Maryland.


During 4.5 years of follow-up, 123 (22%) women died, of whom 54 died with cardiovascular disease. The measure of serum AGEs was carboxymethyl-lysine (CML), a dominant AGE. Serum CML predicted cardiovascular disease mortality (Hazards Ratio [HR] for highest vs lower three quartiles, 1.94, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.08-3.48, p=0.026), after adjusting for age, race, body mass index, and renal insufficiency. Serum sRAGE (ng/mL) and esRAGE (ng/mL) predicted cardiovascular disease mortality (HR per 1 Standard Deviation [SD] 1.27, 95% CI 0.98-1.65, p=0.07; HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.02-1.63, p=0.03), after adjusting for the same covariates. Among non-diabetic women, serum CML, sRAGE, and esRAGE, respectively, predicted cardiovascular disease mortality (HR for highest vs lower three quartiles, 2.29, 95% CI 1.21-4.34, p=0.01; HR per 1 SD, 1.24, 95% CI 0.92-1.65, p=0.16; HR per 1 SD 1.45, 95% CI 1.08-1.93, p=0.01), after adjusting for the same covariates.


High circulating AGEs and RAGE predict cardiovascular disease mortality among older community-dwelling women. AGEs are a potential target for interventions, as serum AGEs can be lowered by change in dietary pattern and pharmacological treatment.

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