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J Rheumatol. 2009 Jun;36(6):1126-9. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.080926. Epub 2009 May 15.

High serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein determines the subset of patients with early-stage rheumatoid arthritis with high serum C-reactive protein, matrix metalloproteinase-3, and MRI-proven bone erosion.

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  • 1Unit of Translational Medicine, Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852-8501, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify the significance of serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), a marker of cartilage turnover, in patients with early-stage rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to other serologic variables and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features.

METHODS:

Ninety-eight patients with early-stage RA, whose disease duration from onset was less than 2 years, were enrolled. The objective measures at baseline were Disease Activity Score (DAS28), serum C-reactive protein (CRP), serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), serum antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP), and MRI features of both wrist and finger joints. The MRI features included the number of sites scored positive for synovitis, bone edema, and bone erosion.

RESULTS:

Serum COMP concentration was not different among groups identified with low, moderate, and high DAS28-CRP values. However, COMP values were statistically high in subjects positive for bone erosions on MRI compared with the subjects who were negative for bone erosions. A positive correlation of COMP with CRP and with MMP-3 values was also identified.

CONCLUSION:

Elevation of COMP may reflect joint damage that is dependent on the synovial inflammatory process in early-stage RA.

PMID:
19447929
DOI:
10.3899/jrheum.080926
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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