Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nanomedicine. 2010 Feb;6(1):170-8. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2009.05.004. Epub 2009 May 15.

The effect of poloxamer 188 on nanoparticle morphology, size, cancer cell uptake, and cytotoxicity.

Author information

1
The Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Gene and Antibody Therapy, Center for Biotech and Bio-Medicine and Division of Life Sciences, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of triblock copolymer poloxamer 188 on nanoparticle morphology, size, cancer cell uptake, and cytotoxicity. Docetaxel-loaded nanoparticles were prepared by oil-in-water emulsion/solvent evaporation technique using biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) with or without addition of poloxamer 188, respectively. The resulting nanoparticles were found to be spherical with a rough and porous surface. The nanoparticles had an average size of around 200 nm with a narrow size distribution. The in vitro drug-release profile of both nanoparticle formulations showed a biphasic release pattern. An increased level of uptake of PLGA/poloxamer 188 nanoparticles in the docetaxel-resistant MCF-7 TAX30 human breast cancer cell line could be found in comparison with that of PLGA nanoparticles. In addition, the docetaxel-loaded PLGA/poloxamer 188 nanoparticles achieved a significantly higher level of cytotoxicity than that of docetaxel-loaded PLGA nanoparticles and Taxotere (P < .05). In conclusion, the results showed advantages of docetaxel-loaded PLGA nanoparticles incorporated with poloxamer 188 compared with the nanoparticles without incorporation of poloxamer 188 in terms of sustainable release and efficacy in breast cancer chemotherapy.

FROM THE CLINICAL EDITOR:

The effects of poloxamer 188, a triblock copolymer were studied on nanoparticle morphology, size, cancer cell uptake and cytotoxicity. An increased level of uptake of PLGA/poloxamer 188 nanoparticles in resistant human breast cancer cell line was demonstrated, resulting in a significantly higher level of cytotoxicity.

PMID:
19447200
DOI:
10.1016/j.nano.2009.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center