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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2009 Mar-Apr;59(2):144-54.

[Event-related synchronization/desynchronization of cortical theta- and alpha-electrical activity and cognitive set to emotionally negative face expression].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Alpha- and theta-band EEG synchronization/desynchronization, induced by the presentation of emotionally negative stimulus (angry faces), was studied in 35 healthy adults. In subjects with a plastic set induced theta-synchronization was greater, and its latency was shorter, than in subjects with a rigid set. This difference is particularly apparent in temporal and parieto-occipital brain regions. A sufficiently high level of theta-synchronization is essential for a quick set-shifting. This synchronization reflects the activity of cortico-hippocampal feedback system and its participation in the perception of emotional faces. In subjects with a plastic set this process induces alpha-synchronization, and in subjects with a rigid set--desynchronization. W. Klimesh (2007) suggests, that induced alpha-synchronization reflects processes of inhibition in cognitive activity. This inhibition plays an important role in the set-shifting. The role of tonic and phasic forms of cortex activation, produced by cortico-hippocampal and fronto-thalamic systems, in the shifting of a cognitive set to facial face expression is discussed.

PMID:
19445381
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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