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Cancer Sci. 2009 May;100(5):956-60.

Newly synthesized curcumin analog has improved potential to prevent colorectal carcinogenesis in vivo.

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Department of Clinical Oncology, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.


Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) has chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic potentials against various types of cancers. We have developed a series of curcumin analogs to improve its low bioavailability by enhancing its potentials. The newly synthesized analog GO-Y030 [(1E, 4E)-1,5-bis-(3,5(-bismethoxymethoxyphenyl) penta-1,4-dien-3-one] showed a 30-fold greater growth suppression in vitro via similar molecular mechanisms to curcumin. The availability of this analog was examined by using a mouse model harboring the germ-line mutation of Apc, Apc(580D/+), in vivo. Apc(580D/+) mice had a very limited survival time with an intestinal obstruction due to polyposis. The average tumor number in mice fed GO-Y030 was reduced to 61.2% of those that were fed the basal diet (P < 0.05). Compared with Apc(580D/+) mice fed the basal diet (median survival time = 166.5 days), a significantly prolonged lifespan (213 days) was observed in Apc(580D/+) mice fed GO-Y030. The chemopreventive effect with GO-Y030 was improved, compared with curcumin (191 days). The survival benefit corresponded to the diminished intestinal tumor incidence in Apc(580D/+) mice fed GO-Y030. No adverse reactions were observed, judging from body weight or biochemical data concerning liver and renal damage. Degradation of accumulated beta-catenin with curcumin is one of the major mechanisms of chemoprevention in colorectal carcinogenesis. It was demonstrated that the number of beta-catenin-positive adenoma cells in Apc(580D/+) mice fed GO-Y030 was reduced.

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