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Biomed Chromatogr. 2009 Nov;23(11):1186-90. doi: 10.1002/bmc.1241.

Measurement of bisphenol A and bisphenol B levels in human blood sera from healthy and endometriotic women.

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Department of Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Largo Madonna delle Grazie 1, I-80130 Naples, Italy.


A sensitive HPLC method with fluorescence detection was developed for the determination of bisphenol A (BPA) and bisphenol B (BPB) in human blood serum. The detection limits of the method were 0.18 and 0.20 ng/mL for BPA and BPB, respectively. A single-step liquid-liquid extraction was used for the pre-treatment of serum samples. The recoveries of BPA and BPB spiked to sera were 85.6 and 87.7%, respectively. The analyses of sera from both healthy and endometriotic women emphasized the absence of bisphenols in all the control cases (11 women), whereas BPA was found in 30 sera (51.7%) and BPB was found in 16 sera (27.6%) in the group of 58 patients with endometriosis; in nine of such sera BPA and BPB were present simultaneously. Only relatively to the sera quantitated, BPA concentrations ranged from 0.79 to 7.12 ng/mL (mean concentration 2.91 +/- 1.74 ng/mL), whereas BPB concentrations ranged from 0.88 to 11.94 ng/mL (mean concentration 5.15 +/- 4.16 ng/mL). Therefore, the presence of at least one of the two bisphenols was verified in a percentage as high as 63.8% in the sera from endometriotic women, suggesting the existence of a relationship between endometriosis and BPA and/or BPB exposure. Indeed, it is well known that bisphenols can work as xenoestrogens, owing to their structural similarity to natural and synthetic estrogens (e.g. estradiol and dietilstilbestrol). However, further studies are necessary to confirm this hypothesis and to assess the actual dose at which exposures to bisphenols are able to increase the sensitivity of the endometriotic cells to estradiol.

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