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Mutat Res. 1991 Sep-Oct;250(1-2):55-71.

Mechanisms of spontaneous mutation in DNA repair-proficient Escherichia coli.

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1
Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, Ont., Canada.

Abstract

This paper describes the DNA sequence analysis of 729 independent spontaneous lacI- mutations. This total is comprised of 478 novel mutations and 251 previously described events, and therefore should allow a more comprehensive view of spontaneous mutation in Escherichia coli. The spectrum is dominated by a hotspot (71% of all events). Mutations at this site consist of related addition and deletion events involving a number of repetitive sequences. Here we discuss how the frequency and proportion of these events vary in different DNA repair-deficient genetic backgrounds. The distribution of non-hotspot events includes base substitutions (38%), deletions (35%), frameshifts (14%), duplications (4%) and insertion elements (4%). G:C----A:T events dominate among base substitutions, while G:C----C:G events are the least common; the remaining types of base substitution are equally represented. Among deletions, a significant number do not display repeated sequences at their endpoints (26/72). However, almost all multiply recovered events (15/17) possess repeated sequences capable of accounting for the deletion endpoints. Similarly, over half of all duplications recovered (5/7) display repeated endpoints. Single-base frameshifts are equally divided between A:T and G:C sites, in each case (-) 1 events occur 3-fold more frequently that (+) 1 events. A comparative analysis of each mutational class recovered to lacI- spectra available in a variety of DNA repair/metabolism-deficient strains is presented here in an attempt to assess possible contributions from chemical, physical and enzymic sources of damage.

PMID:
1944363
DOI:
10.1016/0027-5107(91)90162-h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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