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Eur Radiol. 2009 Jun;19(6):1560-3. doi: 10.1007/s00330-008-1130-7. Epub 2009 Apr 30.

Bilateral tuberculous otomastoiditis in an immmunocompetent 5-year-old child: CT and MRI findings (2009: 3b).

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Hospital Universitario 12 Doce de Octubre, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.


Bilateral tuberculous mastoiditis (TOM) in an immunocompetent child is a very uncommon form of tuberculous infection presentation. This report shows the CT and MR imaging of bilateral tuberculous otomastoiditis consisting of aggressive signs of middle ear and mastoid involvement with bony destruction and periauricular collections with no signs of brain involvement. Differential diagnosis at pediatric age of destructive lesions such as mainly aggressive forms of histiocytosis is underscored. This form of bilateral TOM at this early age has not been described from a radiological perspective.

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