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J Physiol Pharmacol. 2009 Mar;60(1):77-85.

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) synthesis is regulated by conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) in human macrophages.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Medical Chemistry, Pomeranian Medical University, ul. Zolnierska 48, Szczecin, Poland. ewast@sci.pam.szczecin.pl

Abstract

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLAs) are positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid with have a potential anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammation properties. Metabolites of arachidonic acid--prostaglandins and thromboxans--are endogenous mediators of inflammation. Prostaglandin E(2) and thromboxan A(2) which are a products of two izoformes of cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) in macrophages, play an important role in this process. COX-1 is a constitutive enzyme, whereas the COX-2 is inducible and its amount in the cell rapidly increases during inflammation (e.g. via NF kappaB pathway). The aim of the study was to test the effect of CLAs on cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) activity, their mRNA expression and protein content in macrophages. Additionally the active form of the kappaB (NF kappaB) transcription factor was measured. For the experiments monocytes from monocytic cell line (THP-1) and from human venous blood were used. Monocytes were differentiated to macrophages and cultured with 30 muM CLAs or linoleic acid for 48 h. The COX-1 and COX-2 products - PGE(2) and TXB(2), were measured by ELISA method. The enzymes (COX-s) activity were estimated by spectroscopic method. mRNA expression and protein analysis were analysed by real-time PCR and Western blot technique. In macrophages cultured with CLAs reduction of TXB(2) and PGE(2) concentration was observed. Significant change in COX-2 expression in cells cultured with trans-10, cis-12 CLA (in macrophages obtained from peripheral blood) was observed. COX-1 inhibition was resulting from competition of CLA and linoleic acid with arachidonic acid.

PMID:
19439810
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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