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J Neurophysiol. 2009 Jul;102(1):377-86. doi: 10.1152/jn.90954.2008. Epub 2009 May 13.

Comparison of time-frequency responses and the event-related potential to auditory speech stimuli in human cortex.

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Department of Psychology and Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.


We recorded the electrocorticogram directly from the exposed cortical surface of awake neurosurgical patients during the presentation of auditory syllable stimuli. All patients were unanesthetized as part of a language-mapping procedure for subsequent left-hemisphere tumor resection. Time-frequency analyses showed significant high-gamma (gammahigh: 70-160 Hz) responses from the left superior temporal gyrus, but no reliable response from the left inferior frontal gyrus. Alpha suppression (alpha: 7-14 Hz) and event-related potential responses exhibited a more widespread topography. Across electrodes, the alpha suppression from 200 to 450 ms correlated with the preceding (50-200 ms) gammahigh increase. The results are discussed in terms of the different physiological origins of these electrocortical signals.

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