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Free Radic Biol Med. 2009 Apr 15;46(8):1096-108. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.01.013. Epub 2009 Jan 23.

Differential genomic and proteomic profiling of glioblastoma cells exposed to terpyridineplatinum(II) complexes.

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1
Interdisciplinary Research Center, Justus-Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

Terpyridineplatinum(II) complexes (TPCs) efficiently inhibit the proliferation of glioblastoma cells in vitro and have been tested successfully in a rodent glioblastoma model. Apart from intercalation with DNA, the major mechanism of action of TPCs is a very potent and specific interaction with the human selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase (TrxR). TrxR plays a crucial role in cellular redox homeostasis and protection against oxidative damage. In many malignant cells the thioredoxin system is upregulated, promoting tumor growth and progression. Thus, the thioredoxin system has been proposed to be an attractive target for cancer therapy. This study gives the first comprehensive overview of the effects of TPCs on the transcriptome and proteome of glioblastoma cells. We reveal that under TPC treatment, mechanisms countersteering TrxR inhibition are activated in parallel to DNA-damage-responsive pathways. TPC pressure results in long-term compensatory upregulation of TrxR expression. In parallel, p53 is activated, leading to a range of regulations typical for cell-cycle-arrested cells such as upregulation of CDKN1A, induction of GADD45, inhibition of eIF5A maturation, and reduced phosphorylation of stathmin. We also show that TPCs induce endoplasmic reticulum stress, as they activate the unfolded protein response. This profiling study provides a thorough insight into the spectrum of cellular events resulting from specific TrxR inhibition and characterizes the TPC mode of action.

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