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Mali Med. 2006;21(4):16-20.

[Newborn emergencies in the Pediatric Surgery Service of CHU Donka].

[Article in French]

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Service de Chirurgie Pédiatrique de l'Hôpital National de Donka BP : 234 Conakry République de Guinée.


DRANK: The goal of this work is to determine the factors of surgical mortality in period neonatal and to emphasize the difficulties of the assumption of responsibility.


Retrospective study of 222 cases over 10 years from January 1992 to December 00 realized in the service of Paediatric surgery of the National Hospital Donka. We studied the age of the patients to the first consultation according to whether it is received before or after the 6th day of birth, the socio-economic level was appreciated according to the mode of dwelling, accessibility with drinking water and electricity, the diet, associated malformations, the postoperative results.


In 10 years (January 1992 at December 2001), we recorded 222 surgical cases of newborn emergency interesting the digestive tract (27.48%), the abdominal wall (37.39%), the parts urogenital (2.25%) and neurological (32.88%). We noted a male prevalence of 64.41% and surgical newborn mortality was 29.28%. The delay with the consultation, poverty on the one hand and the lack of the means of reanimation, the insufficiency of qualified personnel, were the principal factors of risk in our series.


The surgical newborn urgencies gather affections which require an immediate and adequate assumption of responsibility. The early diagnosis is a requirement; it must be done in the room of childbirth. The childbirth in residence, the ignorance of these affections by much of experts involves the delay with the consultation. The insufficiency of personnel qualified in paediatric surgery and infantile anaesthesia-reanimation, the poverty of the parents who must deal with the medical expenses of the new-born babies are as many factors which delay the time of intervention. The training of the specialists in paediatric anaesthesia-reanimation, the formation continues agents of health on all the levels on the tracking of the newborn urgencies, the creation of the centers of reanimation, the motivation of the personnel looking after in these structures and the intervention of the medical O.N.G. will be major assets to improve the assumption of responsibility and to decrease the death rate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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