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Protoplasma. 2009 Jul;236(1-4):39-48. doi: 10.1007/s00709-009-0045-8. Epub 2009 May 13.

Functional anatomy of the ovule in Genlisea with remarks on ovule evolution in Lentibulariaceae.

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  • 1Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology, Jagiellonian University, ul. Grodzka 52, Cracow, 31-044, Poland. bartek78pl@poczta.onet.pl

Abstract

The Lentibulariaceae are highly evolved and specialized carnivorous angiosperms displaying not only unusual morphology and embryology but also specific changes in the genome and chromosomes as large as bacterial chromosomes. Comparative study of the morphology and detailed anatomy of the ovule in the genera Genlisea, Utricularia, and Pinguicula should shed new light on the phylogeny of this family. The clade Genlisea + Utricularia is sister to the genus Pinguicula, which is considered the most primitive taxon within Lentibulariaceae. Thus we should expect the ovules of Genlisea to be more similar to those of the more closely related genus Utricularia than to Pinguicula. Surprisingly, the ovules of Genlisea retain characters (free funiculus, ES remaining in the ovule) in common with Pinguicula, presumably inherited from a common ancestor. Genlisea ovules have only one main character in common with subgenus Polypompholyx (Utricularia): a well-developed funiculus. There are differences between the ovules of the subgenera Genlisea and Tayloria. In subgenus Genlisea the micropyle tends to be closer to the funiculus and the ovule forms an unusual jacket-like nutritive tissue of integumental origin. The most specialized ovules in Lentibulariaceae evolved in the genus Utricularia. The special chalazal nutritive tissue in Genlisea and Utricularia is simply a hypostase.

PMID:
19437102
DOI:
10.1007/s00709-009-0045-8
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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