Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2009;4:79-86. Epub 2009 Apr 15.

Measurement of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, leukotriene B4, and interleukin 8 in the exhaled breath condensate in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Assessment of airway inflammation in the clinical course of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) may advance our understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess airway inflammation in patients during the course of AECOPD by serial analyses of their exhaled breath condensates (EBC).

METHODS:

Twenty-six patients with AECOPD (22 males, mean[SD] percentage predicted forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) 44.8 [14.3]), 11 with stable COPD, and 14 age and sex-matched healthy controls were studied. Patients with AECOPD were treated with systemic steroid and antibiotic for 7 days. EBC was collected from each patient with AECOPD on Day 5, 14, 30, and 60 post-hospitalization using EcoScreen (VIASYS Healthcare, USA) during tidal breathing over 10 minutes. Concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), leukotriene B4 (LTB4), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS:

The median (IQR) of TNF-alpha level on Day 5 was 5.08 (3.80-6.32) pg/ml, which was lower than on Day 14 (5.84 [4.91-9.14] pg/ml, p = 0.017), Day 30 (6.14 [3.82-7.67] pg/ml, p = 0.045), and Day 60 (5.60 [4.53-8.80] pg/ml, p = 0.009). On Day 60, subjects receiving inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) had a lower level of TNF-alpha than those who were not (4.82 [4.06-5.65] vs 7.66 [5.48-10.9] pg/ml, p = 0.02). EBC LTB4 level did not change significantly during recovery from AECOPD whereas IL-8 was mostly undetectable.

CONCLUSIONS:

EBC TNF-alpha level was low in patients receiving systemic steroid and antibiotic therapy for AECOPD. These findings suggest a potential role for serial EBC TNF-alpha for non-invasive monitoring of disease activity.

PMID:
19436689
PMCID:
PMC2672793
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Dove Medical Press Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center