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Med Trop (Mars). 1991 Jul-Sep;51(3):293-306.

[The big vipers of Africa of the genus Bitis Gray, 1842 and their venom. Zoological, biochemical and clinical data].

[Article in French]

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Service Pharmacie, Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées Laveran, Marseille Armées.

Erratum in

  • Med Trop (Mars) 1991 Oct-Dec;51(4):following 489.


After the suggestion of the genus Bitis Gray, 1842 snakes, we studied in details three species, among the largest and most widespread ones: Bitis arietans, Bitis gabonica and Bitis nasicornis. The main morphological characteristics and some of the zoological data presented may be very useful, as well as the clinical signs, for physicians to identify, the snake that bits a patient. Thus, an adapted treatment can be undertaken. The biochemical composition of the venoms and their experimental toxicity are also presented for a better understanding of the clinical symptoms.

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