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Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol. 2008 Jun;1(2):63-74. doi: 10.3342/ceo.2008.1.2.63. Epub 2008 Jun 20.

Nystagmus as a sign of labyrinthine disorders--three-dimensional analysis of nystagmus.

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Department of Otolaryngology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.


In order to diagnose the pathological condition of vertiginous patients, a detailed observation of nystagmus in addition to examination of body equilibrium and other neurotological tests are essential. How to precisely record the eye movements is one of the goals of the researchers and clinicians who are interested in the analysis of eye movements for a long time. For considering that, one has to think about the optimal method for recording eye movements. In this review, the author introduced a new method, that is, an analysis of vestibular induced eye movements in three-dimensions and discussed the advantages and limitations of this method.


Equilibrium; Labyrinthine disorders; Nystagmus; Three-dimensional analysis; Vertigo

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