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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Jul;297(1):H125-33. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00165.2009. Epub 2009 May 8.

Comparative investigation of the left ventricular pressure-volume relationship in rat models of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with characteristic structural and functional changes of the myocardium, termed diabetic cardiomyopathy. As a distinct entity independent of coronary atherosclerosis, diabetic cardiomyopathy is an increasingly recognized cause of heart failure. A detailed understanding of diabetic cardiac dysfunction, using relevant animal models, is required for the effective prevention and treatment of cardiovascular complications in diabetic patients. We investigated and compared cardiac performance in rat models of type 1 DM (streptozotocin induced) and type 2 DM (Zucker diabetic fatty rats) using a pressure-volume (P-V) conductance catheter system. Left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function was evaluated in vivo at different preloads, including the slope of the end-systolic P-V relation (ESPVR) and end-diastolic P-V relationship (EDPVR), preload recruitable stroke work (PRSW), maximal slope of the systolic pressure increment (dP/dt(max)), and its relation to end-diastolic volume (dP/dt(max)-EDV) as well as the time constant of LV relaxation and maximal slope of the diastolic pressure decrement. Type 1 DM was associated with decreased LV systolic pressure, dP/dt(max), slope of ESPVR and dP/dt(max)-EDV, PRSW, ejection fraction, and cardiac and stroke work indexes, indicating marked systolic dysfunction. In type 2 DM rats, systolic indexes were altered only to a lower extent and the increase of LV stiffness was more pronounced, as indicated by the higher slopes of EDPVR. Our data suggest that DM is characterized by decreased systolic performance and delayed relaxation (mainly in type 1 DM), accompanied by increased diastolic stiffness of the heart (more remarkably in type 2 DM). Based on the sophisticated method of P-V analysis, different characteristics of type 1 and type 2 diabetic cardiac dysfunction can be demonstrated.

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