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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2009 Jul;85(1):4-13. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2009.04.013. Epub 2009 May 7.

Cigarette smoking, smoking cessation, and diabetes.

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Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA.


There is evidence for increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes among cigarette smokers. In addition, smoking-associated health risks can exacerbate major conditions that precede or accompany diabetes, such as cardiovascular and kidney diseases. Smoking cessation can result in weight gain and a short-term worsening of some diabetic symptoms that may deter smokers with diabetes from attempting to quit. Additionally, there is limited evidence regarding the efficacy/safety of smoking cessation pharmacotherapies in this population and the general effects of smoking cessation, particularly for type 1 diabetes. Smoking cessation in diabetes therefore remains a highly relevant subject for further research.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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