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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2009 Jul;73(7):1029-34. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2009.04.004. Epub 2009 May 7.

Auditory Processing Disorders in children suspected of Learning Disabilities--a need for screening?

Author information

1
Clinical Psychoacoustics Lab, Psychiatry Department, Neuroscience Division, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Filellinon 6, 55236 Thessaloniki, Greece. viliad@auth.gr

Abstract

AIM:

The current study aims to assess: (a) the prevalence of auditory processing in a population of children reporting learning difficulties, (b) the correlation of APD diagnosis with age, the intelligence coefficient (IQ) and with the presence of a specific learning disability such as dyslexia and (c) to evaluate the reliability of each auditory processing test used in this study in identifying APD.

METHOD:

We evaluated one hundred and twenty-seven consecutive children referred to the academic tertiary LD Clinic of the Psychiatric Department by means of a psychoacoustic mainly non-verbal test battery.

RESULTS:

APD was found to be present in 43.3% and co-existing with developmental dyslexia in 25% of cases. The diagnosis of APD correlated with age in that children with APD were younger by 2 years than those without a diagnosis of APD. The diagnosis of APD did not correlate with IQ or with the diagnosis of dyslexia.

INTERPRETATION:

High prevalence of APD in the targeted group of children suspected of Learning Disabilities sets the grounds for a possible benefit in screening for the disorder.

PMID:
19427040
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijporl.2009.04.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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