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Biochem Pharmacol. 2009 May 1;77(9):1506-12. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2009.01.019. Epub 2009 Feb 6.

Morin inhibits Fyn kinase in mast cells and IgE-mediated type I hypersensitivity response in vivo.

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Department of Immunology and Physiology, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, 322 Danwol-dong, Chungju, Republic of Korea.


Mast cells are responsible for IgE-mediated allergic responses. Although dietary flavonoid morin has been known to suppress mast cell activation, its in vivo anti-allergic activity and the underlying mechanisms remain are largely unknown. In this study, we determine whether morin suppresses IgE-mediated allergic responses in an animal model and its mechanism of action. Morin suppressed IgE-mediated PCA in mice (ED50 23.9 mg/kg) and inhibited degranulation and production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL)-4 in antigen (Ag)-stimulated mast cells. The mechanism of action was a follows. Morin inhibited the activating phosphorylation of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) and linker for activation of T cells (LAT) in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 cells and bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs). Akt and the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were inhibited as well. In vitro kinase assay indicated that Fyn kinase, not Lyn and Syk, was inhibited by morin in a dose-dependent manner (IC50 5.7 microM). In conclusion, the results suggest that morin suppresses the IgE-mediated allergic response by primarily inhibiting Fyn kinase in mast cells.

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