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Eur J Emerg Med. 2009 Jun;16(3):150-2.

Minor head trauma and linear skull fracture in infants: cranial ultrasound or computed tomography?

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Paediatrics, Sant Joan de Déu Hospital, University of Barcelona, Spain. vtrenchs@hsjdbcn.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the clinical evolution of children with skull fractures as a result of a minor head trauma from a witnessed accidental fall that have been studied by transfontanellar ultrasound (TFUS).

METHODS:

Observational study for 2 years (2004-2006) of children up to 1 year of age who suffered a skull fracture after minor head trauma and for whom a TFUS was carried out as the first neuroimaging test to rule out intracranial injuries.

RESULTS:

One hundred and twenty-three children were evaluated. The mean age was 5.7 months (SD 2.9) and the most common mechanism of injury was rolling off the bed. In seven (5.7%) patients, a computed tomography (CT) was eventually performed after TFUS; in two of these patients, this was because of the detection of possible intracranial alterations and in the others, it was because of a small fontanelle. Both patients with abnormal TFUS had a small epidural haematoma on the CT scan that did not need surgery. The clinical course for all patients was uneventful.

CONCLUSION:

TFUS is a valid and reliable alternative to CT for minor head trauma in infants with skull fractures. Its innocuousness and cost-effectiveness in comparison with CT makes it a good choice in this situation.

PMID:
19425245
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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