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Opt Express. 2002 Feb 11;10(3):196-203.

Dynamics of femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in water from femtoseconds to microseconds.


Using time-resolved imaging and scattering techniques, we directly and indirectly monitor the breakdown dynamics induced in water by femtosecond laser pulses over eight orders of magnitude in time. We resolve, for the first time, the picosecond plasma dynamics and observe a 20 ps delay before the laser-produced plasma expands. We attribute this delay to the electron-ion energy transfer time.


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