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J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2009 May-Jun;16(3):269-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2009.02.007.

Laparoscopic management of endometriosis: comprehensive review of best evidence.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27704, USA. patrick.yeung@duke.edu

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To provide a comprehensive review of the best evidence available in the laparoscopic management of endometriosis for pain and/or fertility and to provide practical recommendations based on this information.

DESIGN:

Review article of randomized controlled trials.

PATIENTS:

Women with endometriosis.

METHODS:

A systematic search was performed of the Cochrane Library and MEDLINE database for randomized controlled trials relating only to laparoscopic management of endometriosis. The information from 7 Cochrane review articles and 35 original randomized trials is presented in a clinically relevant question-and-answer format.

CONCLUSIONS:

Awareness of endometriosis as a disease with substantial morbidity is vitally important. Laparoscopic treatment of endometriosis is beneficial for reducing pain and improving fertility. Laparoscopic presacral neurectomy, but not laparoscopic uterosacral nerve ablation, is a useful adjunct to conservative surgery for endometriosis in patients with a midline component of pain. Preoperative hormonal suppression with gonadotropin-receptor hormone analogue may be helpful in decreasing endometriosis disease scores. Postoperative hormonal suppression with either a gonadotropin-receptor hormone analogue or progestin (including the levonorgestrel intrauterine system) may be helpful in reducing pain and increasing time to recurrence of symptoms. Excisional cystectomy is the preferred method to treat endometrial cysts for both pain and fertility and may be aided by the use of mesna and initial circular excision. An absorbable adhesion barrier (Interceed), 4% icodextrin solution (Adept), and a viscoelastic gel (Oxiplex/AP, FzioMed, Inc., San Luis Obispd, CA; not available in the United States) are safe and effective products to help prevent adhesions in laparoscopic surgery to treat endometriosis.

PMID:
19423059
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmig.2009.02.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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