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Forsch Komplementmed. 2009 Apr;16(2):79-90. doi: 10.1159/000207196. Epub 2009 Apr 3.

Essential oils of aromatic plants with antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and cytotoxic properties--an overview.

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Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology, Department of Biology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 364, Heidelberg, Germany.


The abundant use of anti-infective agents resulted in the emergence of drug-resistant bacteria, fungi, and viruses. To overcome the increasing resistance of pathogenic microbes, a variety of medicinal plants have been screened worldwide for their antimicrobial properties. The aim is to find new, effective antimicrobial agents with novel modes of actions. Essential oils derived from aromatic medicinal plants have been reported to exhibit exceptionally good antimicrobial effects against bacteria, yeasts, filamentous fungi, and viruses. The progress of this expanding scientific field will be documented by the most important results published in the last decade.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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