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Neurologia. 2009 Apr;24(3):194-9.

[Neurology in Sanitatis Salernitanum Regimen].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Servicio de Neurologia, Hospital Clinico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid.



In Salerno, a town in southern Italy, medical influences of Arabs, Jews, Greeks and Romans, synergized to form a medical school during 10th century. Salerno established certification and training method for physicians which contributed to first universities. Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum is one of Salerno School of Medicine main textbooks. Regimen, also known as Flos medicine, is a medical poem written probably by some Salernitan authors in the second half of the 12th century. Its great later success gave place to a great number of copies that threatened text rigour.


In this work we describe the first critical Spanish translation available, resulting from the review of 178 manuscripts.


We found many references to neurological diseases in Regimen. The textbook proposes many advices about foods, herbs, or sleep requirements. Nerve diseases, migraine, epilepsy, dizziness, memory complaints, or sensorial deficits are cited.


This important medical medieval textbook offers us an interesting perspective about neurological diseases consideration of medieval physician, as well as the main hygienic- dietetic remedies he used to face them.

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