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Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Jun;86(6):677-84. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e3181a7b3ce.

Accommodative fluctuations, lens tension, and ciliary body thickness in children.

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The Ohio State University College of Optometry, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.



To investigate the relationship among microfluctuations in accommodation, resting tension on the crystalline lens, ciliary body thickness, and refractive error in children.


Subjects were 49 children, aged 8 to 15 years. Subjects wore habitual correction over their left eye and an infrared filter over the right eye during accommodative measurements. Monocular accommodation was measured continuously for two, 30-second periods using a PowerRef I at a sampling rate of 25 Hz while subjects viewed a high-contrast target at 0.25 m. The high (1.0 to 2.3 Hz) and low- (0 to 0.6 Hz) frequency components of the power spectrum from a fast Fourier transform of the accommodative response were used in analysis. Resting tension on the crystalline lens was assessed by measuring the amplitude of the oscillations of the crystalline lens after a rightward 20 degrees saccadic eye movement. Ciliary body thickness was measured 2 mm posterior to the scleral spur from images obtained with a Zeiss Visante optical coherence tomography (OCT). Cycloplegic spherical equivalent refractive error was obtained with the Grand Seiko autorefractor.


The mean +/- SD spherical equivalent refractive error was -1.00 D +/- 2.25 (range, -6.00 D to +3.44 D). Greater power in the log of the high-frequency component of accommodative microfluctuations was associated with thinner ciliary bodies (p = 0.03) and lower ages (p = 0.0004). More hyperopic refractive errors with greater power in the high-frequency component (p = 0.0005) and the low-frequency component (p = 0.02). No statistically significant relationship was found for the low-frequency component or root mean square of accommodative microfluctuations and refractive error.


High-frequency microfluctuations of accommodation appear to be suppressed with thicker ciliary bodies. These variations in accommodation need to be observed in a longitudinal study to better assess the functional significance of their relationship to ciliary body size and refractive error.

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