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Dev Med Child Neurol. 2009 Oct;51(10):817-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2009.03271.x. Epub 2009 Mar 12.

Functional performance of children with developmental coordination disorder at home and at school.

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1
School of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

This study investigated the functional performance of daily activities at home and at school in a population-based sample of children with different degrees of motor coordination impairment and competence. Sixteen children (seven males, nine females; mean age 8 y, SD 9 mo) with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), 25 with suspected DCD ([sDCD] 17 males, eight females; mean age 7 y 6 mo, SD 8 mo), and 63 children without motor problems (39 males, 24 females; mean age 7 y 9 mo, SD 7 mo) were recruited from public schools (Grades 1-3, age 6 y 4 mo-9 y 10 mo) using the Chinese version of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, and the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency. Functional performance was assessed using the Chinese versions of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales and the School Function Assessment-Chinese version. The functional performance of children with DCD and sDCD was statistically significantly lower than those without DCD (p's<0.05). chi(2) and logistic regression analyses showed significant differences among all groups in the proportion of children scoring at the 'inadequate' adaptive level of home performance (p's<0.05). There were also significant differences among the groups in the proportion of children scoring below the cut-off in school performance (p's<0.05). The findings show the pervasive impact of DCD on children's functional performance in daily activities at home and at school.

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