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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009 Apr;15(4):319-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2009.02751.x.

Activated protein C for the treatment of severe sepsis.

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Intensive Care Unit, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, UK.


In 2001, the PROWESS (Recombinant Human Activated Protein C Worldwide Evaluation in Severe Sepsis) trial demonstrated a 6.1% absolute decrease in mortality in patients with severe sepsis. Recombinant human activated protein C was subsequently licensed for use by both the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Evaluation Agency. There has been some controversy over aspects of the original study protocol, and subsequent trials have raised concerns about both the efficacy and the side effect profile of recombinant human activated protein C. Significant doubt remains as to the role of recombinant human activated protein C in the management of severe sepsis, and this review aims to summarize the evidence both for and against its use.

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