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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Jul;30(1):14-27. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2009.04004.x. Epub 2009 Mar 26.

Review article: adherence to medication for chronic hepatitis C - building on the model of human immunodeficiency virus antiretroviral adherence research.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. Jeffrey.Weiss@msnyuhealth.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with pegylated interferon/ribavirin achieves sustained virological response in up to 56% of HCV mono-infected patients and 40% of HCV/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-co-infected patients. The relationship of patient adherence to outcome warrants study.

AIM:

To review comprehensively research on patient-missed doses to HCV treatment and discuss applicable research from adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy.

METHODS:

Publications were identified by PubMed searches using the keywords: adherence, compliance, hepatitis C virus, interferon and ribavirin.

RESULTS:

The term 'non-adherence' differs in how it is used in the HCV from the HIV literature. In HCV, 'non-adherence' refers primarily to dose reductions by the clinician and early treatment discontinuation. In contrast, in HIV, 'non-adherence' refers primarily to patient-missed doses. Few data have been published on the rates of missed dose adherence to pegylated interferon/ribavirin and its relationship to virological response.

CONCLUSIONS:

As HCV treatment becomes more complex with new classes of agents, adherence will be increasingly important to treatment success as resistance mutations may develop with suboptimal dosing of HCV enzyme inhibitors. HIV adherence research can be applied to that on HCV to establish accurate methods to assess adherence, investigate determinants of non-adherence and develop strategies to optimize adherence.

PMID:
19416131
PMCID:
PMC3102513
DOI:
10.1111/j.1365-2036.2009.04004.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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