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Anticancer Res. 2009 Mar;29(3):843-50.

A protein-bound polysaccharide, PSK, enhances tumor suppression induced by docetaxel in a gastric cancer xenograft model.

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Department of Cancer Therapy and Research, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.



We have reported previously that docetaxel (TXT) induces apoptosis and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation, and that blockade of NF-kappaB activation augments TXT-induced apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells. In addition, we have also shown that a protein-bound polysaccharide PSK enhances TXT-induced apoptosis through NF-kappaB inhibition in human pancreatic cancer cells. Based on these observations, in the present study the possibility that PSK could enhance TXT-mediated tumor suppression was examined in vivo and in vitro.


A gastric cancer xenograft model was used to examine the enhanced TXT-mediated tumor suppression by PSK in vivo. The effects of PSK on proliferation and apoptosis induced by TXT in gastric cancer cells were evaluated in vitro using a human gastric cancer cell line, MK-1. The effect of PSK on increased TXT-induced invasion was also measured.


PSK enhanced TXT-mediated tumor suppression in vivo. Immunohistochemical analyses of the tumors revealed that TXT increased NF-kappaB activation in the tumors and this was suppressed by PSK. In the ex vivo experimental system, PSK enhanced the growth inhibition and apoptosis induced by TXT in the MK-1 cells and reduced the increased invasive ability induced by TXT.


PSK enhanced TXT-induced tumor suppression in a gastric cancer xenograft model.

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