Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Anticancer Res. 2009 Mar;29(3):817-21.

ROS and innate immunity.

Author information

  • 1Department of Integrated and Holistic Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kida-gun, Kagawa-ken, Japan.

Abstract

Oxygen is converted into reactive oxygen (RO) by radiation, light, the electron transport system in mitochondria, or by other enzymes and is regulated by the action of antioxidative enzymes which convert RO into an inactive state. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have a biocidal effect on invading bacteria and they can also injure the cells of the host. For this reason, RO is considered as a general cause of aging and contributes to lifestyle-related diseases and cancer. However, for any organism that uses oxygen as an energy source, RO is inevitably produced and has important biological significance. Apart from the direct activity of RO, recent studies have shown that it functions as a second messenger of signal transduction. In this review, the recent findings related to ROS/nitric oxide (NO) and especially of its relationship to innate immunity are summarized.

PMID:
19414314
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center