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Transl Oncol. 2009 May;2(2):84-8.

Polymorphisms of Metabolizing Enzymes and Susceptibility to Ethmoid Intestinal-type Adenocarcinoma in Professionally Exposed Patients.

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Experimental Molecular Pathology, Department of Pathology, Fondazione IRCSS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori di Milano, Via G. Venezian 1, 20133 Milan, Italy.


Intestinal-type adenocarcinoma (ITAC) of ethmoid is a rare tumor associated with occupational exposure to wood and leather dusts. Polymorphisms in xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes play an important role in gene-environment interactions and may contribute to a high degree of variance in individual susceptibility to cancer risk. The aim of this study was to investigate by polymerase chain reaction the role of polymorphisms at CYP1A1 and GSTM1 genes in 30 ethmoid ITAC patients and 79 healthy donors. The distribution of Thr/Asn genotype at CYP1A1 codon 461 was significantly overrepresented among the patients (23.3%; P = .0422), whereas the Ile/Val genotype at CYP1A1 codon 462 was not significantly different between cases and controls (P = .76). The GSTM1 null genotype was not significantly different between cases and control (P = 1), but we observed that the combined codon 461 Thr/Asn and GSTM1 null genotype was overrepresented in the patient group (P = .0019). The results reveal that patients with CYP1A1 codon 461 polymorphism may be at high genetic risk of ITAC and that the risk increases in the presence of combined polymorphism of CYP1A1 and GSTM1 null genotype. This strongly suggests that CYP1A1 codon 461 and GSTM1 null genotype may be useful in selecting exposed individuals at risk for ethmoid ITAC.


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