Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Jun 15;19(12):3288-92. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.04.073. Epub 2009 Apr 22.

Functional expression of the Aspergillus flavus PKS-NRPS hybrid CpaA involved in the biosynthesis of cyclopiazonic acid.

Author information

  • 1School of Pharmacy, Iwate Medical University, 2-1-1 Nishitokuta, Yahaba, Iwate 028-3694, Japan.


alpha-Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) is an indole tetramic acid mycotoxin. Based on our identification of the polyketide synthase-nonribosomal peptide synthase (PKS-NRPS) hybrid gene cpaA involved in cyclopiazonic acid biosynthesis in Aspergillus fungi, we carried out heterologous expression of Aspergillus flavuscpaA under alpha-amylase promoter in Aspergillus oryzae and identified its sole product to be the CPA biosynthetic intermediate cyclo-acetoacetyl-l-tryptophan (cAATrp). This result rationalized that the PKS-NRPS hybrid enzyme CpaA catalyzes condensation of the diketide acetoacetyl-ACP formed by the PKS module and l-Trp activated by the NRPS module. This CpaA expression system provides us an ideal platform for PKS-NRPS functional analysis, such as adenylation domain selectivity and product releasing mechanism.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center