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J Neurol Sci. 1991 Aug;104(2):215-21.

Comparative analysis of cytokine patterns in immunological, infectious, and oncological neurological disorders.

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Department of Neurology, University of Tübingen, Germany.


Interleukins (IL) 1, 2, 4, 6 and soluble IL-2 receptor (sIL-2R), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were measured in CSF and serum from patients with relapsing-remitting and chronic multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, HIV infection, bacterial meningitis, viral encephalitis, meningeal carcinomatosis, hematologic meningeal malignancies, and disseminated melanoma. Our findings suggest that monitoring of disease activity in neuroimmunologic disorders by means of IL-1 beta, IL-2, sIL-2R, or IL-4 determination will not prove useful. IL-6, on the other hand, indicates relapse in multiple sclerosis and active disease in Guillain-Barré syndrome and meningeal carcinomatosis. High CSF TNF-alpha in metastatic melanoma and frequent detection in CSF of the multifunctional B-cell growth factor, IL-6 (27/30) and oligoclonal immunoglobulin bands (33%) in meningeal carcinomatosis confirm an intrathecal immune response in disseminated leptomeningeal neoplasia which might be amenable to therapeutic immunomodulation.

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